3 Tips On How To Teach Your Child To Read
One of the most important lessons a child can learn in their young life is how to read. Reading opens up the world around them and gives them the insights into the logic and reason. It also gives them the opportunity to enjoy stories and rhymes by having the ability to tell it to themselves.
Everyone learns at their own pace and some just catch on faster than others. That’s where you the parent come in and make decisions about what activities and books are going to help them develop into excellent readers. You can do this because you know what your child’s ability is better then anyone.
When your child was born into this amazing world, they immediately rely on you to give them the needed support to develop into functional and literate human beings. As their first teacher, you will have the most influence on them in some many ways including whether you feel reading should a priority in their lives. Here are three ideas to help your child develop into that advanced reader.
Start off with the basics
You have to crawl before you can walk. The same analogy can be made for reading as well. Introduce your child early on to letters and their sounds concurrently. A recent study has proven this concept again. In one particular study 58 children of preschool age were given instruction in letter sounds and names, just letter sounds or numbers. The study came to the conclusion that children who are given both letter sound and name instruction are more likely to learn the letter sounds when names were included as a cue to their sounds.
For example when your teaching a letter sound, you should have your child imitate the motion of tracing the letter as if he/she was writing it on paper. So the letter “A” is cued by you saying: “What sound does the letter “A” make?” then say “The sound the letter “A” makes is /A/(ah).”
Your child would trace the letter with an index finger while saying the /A/ sound.
Print Awareness #2
When a child learns to read, they also need to understand that letters have a function. They need to learn early on what purpose the letters are providing them. This is where print awareness comes in. You should show your child what the front, back, top and bottom of the book is. What does a reader look like? Which way is the book facing? It sounds obvious to us, what the answers are; unfortunately your child is not born with print awareness so you must show them that reading occurs from a top to bottom process advancing from left to right.
Word Recognition #3
When teaching your child how to read, you should start at the base of the word with simple sounds like “at” or “and” for example. Once they are proficient with these particular consonant-vowel blends, you will lead them in making connections to other words by simply adding a consonant on the front end. After a while, your child will develop a sense of the pattern and begin to repeat on sight and sound.
Lets look at the blend “and”:
Band, hand, land, and then advance on to beginning consonant blends such as bland, gland, stand, brand, or grand.
The “at” blend would look like this:
Cat, sat, pat, mat and bat, then the beginning consonant blends would be chat and spat.
Blends can be difficult as you are trying to make connections that your child can recall, but fear not, the more exposure they have the faster they will learn how to read. Children can learn to read as early as age two. (Yes, at age 2 and there’s a video to prove it!) It is important to have your child reading before the third grade as it gets increasingly difficult for students to learn when they fall so far behind. Home guides like Baby Can Read or Children Learning Reading can help to structure the teaching more effectively & it has proven to work for some parents.